Cyberstalking

Cyberstalking & Cyberharassment

Cyber Stalking is a Criminal Offense and a form of mental assault, in which the perpetrator repeatedly, unwontedly, and disruptively breaks into the life-world and emotional state of the victim through the use of the Internet, or other Electronic means. Cyber Stalking includes, writing lies as facts-defamation, making threats, and gathering information that may be used to harass.

A Cyber Stalking conviction can result in a restraining order, probation, and criminal penalties against the assailant, including jail. States have enacted “cyberstalking” or “cyberharassment” laws or have laws that explicitly include electronic forms of communication within more traditional stalking or harassment laws. In addition, recent concerns about protecting minors from online bullying or harassment have led states to enact “cyberbullying” laws. Some state laws that include specific references to electronic communication exist. However, other state laws may still apply to those who harass, threaten or bully others online, although specific language may make the laws easier to enforce.

Cyberstalking

Cyberstalking is the use of the Internet, email or other electronic communications to stalk, and generally refers to a pattern of threatening or malicious behaviors. Cyberstalking may be considered the most dangerous of the three types of Internet harassment, based on a posing credible threat of harm. Sanctions range from misdemeanors to felonies.

Cyberharassment

Cyberharassment differs from cyberstalking in that it may generally be defined as not involving a credible threat. Cyberharassment usually pertains to threatening or harassing email messages, instant messages, or to blog entries or websites dedicated solely to tormenting an individual. Some states approach cyberharrassment by including language addressing electronic communications in general harassment statutes, while others have created stand-alone cyberharassment statutes.